The University of Lodz was created in 1945. In the following years it expanded continuously, gaining the reputation of one of the most important scientific and didactic centers in Poland. In 2007 the University was placed in one of the most prestigious rankings of the best universities in the world, prepared by the weekly The Times, and in 2013 it was recognized as one of the top 100 universities by Times Higher Education.
The University can pride oneself on many graduates who have achieved considerable success in politics, art or science. The honoris causa doctors are also worth of mention, the following are part of this honorable group: Jan Karski, Andrzej Wajda, Margaret Thatcher or Umberto Eco.
After 1945 many prominent representatives of the pre-war Polish historiography found themselves in Lodz, who, within the framework of the newly established university, found the possibility of further scientific career development. Initially, historical research was conducted in dispersed cathedrals, which were part of the Department of Humanities, which in 1948 merged to form the Institute of History of the University of Lodz, and since 1952 has been incorporated into the Department of Philosophy and History of the University of Lodz. In the course of its existence the Institute has earned the reputation of one of the leading centers of Polish science in the field of history. XXVI OZHS coincides with the seventeenth anniversary of its founding.